Dating silver candlesticks

Dating silver candlesticks

From decorating the reception tables at a wedding to adorning the dining table of a home, sterling silver candlesticks and candelabra lend beauty and elegance to any occasion. These pieces make wonderful gifts for a couple's engagement, marriage, or anniversary. Fitted with tall red or green candles, sterling silver candlesticks form a must-have centerpiece for the holiday table. Buying silver candlesticks may seem a little daunting to those unfamiliar with sterling silver, its properties, and its care. This guide will examine sterling silver and its qualities, explore some style options, and describe the recommended care and storage for these heirloom pieces. Candlesticks are holders made of sterling silver or another metal such as brass.

Your Guide to Buying Silver Candlesticks and Candelabra

The use of candlesticks is documented since the antique Greek period and the Roman Empire. Candlesticks have been produced in all periods but it is just after the restoration of monarchy that in England survived a sufficient number of pieces to allow scholars to describe in details their evolution in style and shape. During Charles II period around candlesticks were generally made of hammered silver.

They were highly ornate and with a square base, but lobed section base examples are also known Figure 1. Plainer designs with fluted stem of square section are also documented at this time. At the end of XVII century candlesticks had lobed or octagonal usually square with cut corners base with gadroon decoration and lobed stem Figure 2. The history of cast candlesticks in England formally begins with the introduction of the Britannia standard for silver wrought plate end of XVII century that attracted the attention of the craftsman to cast work, the softer metal not lending itself to the hammer.

Figure 1 - A Charles II hammered candlestick with lobed section. This model is usually light and with a pick filled stem. London Richard Syng. Cast candlesticks were generally shorter and heavier than the hammered ones. Their size and weight varied considerably during time. From to candlestick were about cm tall. From to they were cm tall, to reach cm in the late examples around - Weight was always high, ranging from g per pair for the shortest and to - 1, g or more per pair for the tallest ones.

Their shape had much in common with the contemporary standing cups. In the very early examples around the surface of silver was left very plain to allow the light from the candle to be reflected. They had lobed base or square with cut corners and baluster vase-shaped stem Figure 3. Lobed and gadroon decoration, both on stem and base, appeared around , the base being square with cut corners, or occasionally round Figure 4.

Figure 3 - A very early plane design cast candlestick. London Figure 4 - Cast candlestick with lobed and gadrooned decoration. London Pierre Harache. In the Queen Anne period the stem can be found of octagonal shape, on round base in early examples Figure 5 , and on octagonal base from on. The latter are considered the most desirable of the period, mainly in the variant with diamond facets Figure 6.

Their surface was usually plain with the only possible addition of an engraved coat of arm. Figure 5 - An early Queen Anne round base cast candlestick. London Andrew Raven Figure 6 - A Queen Anne octagonal base and shape cast candlestick with diamond facets London and detail of stem and sconce. In the George I period the shape seems to come back to that in use in the early Queen Anne period, but with heavier examples with more steps in the base.

The base can be square with cut corners Figure 7 , or with cut corners ribbed at the center of each angle Figure 8. Very seldom, at this time, can be found candlesticks with floral decoration and if so they were obtained from the original casting and then chased. From appeared candlesticks with hexagonal base also without well. Stem and sconce are also hexagonal or, occasionally round Figure 9. Figure 7 - A typical George I cast candlestick. London From to at least , a lot of candlestick had square base with cut corners ribbed at the center of each angle or with lobed base Figure Others, dating , had shaped square base with stem decorated with bands and ribs.

From this date on the level of decoration increased Figure 11 and In many examples the base is now round with rimmed decoration and baluster vase-shape decorated stem. Detachable nozzles seem to appear at this date. Figure 10 - Cast candlestick with lobed base London Gabriel Sleath Figure 11 - A beautifully ornate cast and chased candlestick London Charles Kandler Figure 12 - A more decorated example mainly acanthus leaves with fluted stem and nozzle - London Thomas Gilpin.

Rococo influence on candlestick is evident from around Figure 13 and 14 , although some examples, mainly from very important makers like Paul de Lamerie, appeared around Whirlpool, non-symmetrical design on both stem and base and a cartouche, always part of the casting, are typical features Figure 15 and In the same period cast demi-figure usually half female figure and figure candlesticks appeared, someone on the base of very rare late XVII century examples.

They had irregular shape base and were generally crafted by casting several independents parts, soldering them together and then chasing the surface to give the final touches Figure Figure 17 - A cast demi-figure candlesticks - Dublin John Walker. They had shaped square base usually with the well decorated with shells at the angles Figure A less common variant had a "sexfoil" shell base Figure Occasionally appeared cast and chased examples Figure Around , the most popular design provided square base with gadrooned rim Figure 21 , some examples, dating around , with swirl fluting decoration at the base of the stem, repeated on the shoulders and on the detachable nozzle Figure A pair of this type of candlesticks can reach the weight of 1, g.

London John Scofield. London J. Early examples of Queen Anne period are hallmarked underneath with scattered hallmarks Figure Some example of the Queen Anne period mainly those of octagonal base with diamond facets , can be marked around the external part of the rim of the foot. In this case hallmarks may be difficult to read because they are more exposed to cleaning and rubbing.

Irish examples of this shape produced up to can be found marked on the base, usually in the well, which represent a typical Irish feature. Nozzles appeared around and should bear the lion passant Figure 28 or the lion passant and the maker mark, but they can be occasionally unmarked. Figure 27 - Scattered hallmarks struck underneath a Queen Anne period cast candlestick.

Figure 28 - Lion passant struck on a detachable nozzle of a cast candlestick - London The majority of candlesticks from to ideally till have a lion passant struck on the sconces not detachable or a lion passant and a leopard head Figure Square base or round base candlesticks often bear grouped hallmarks, struck on the inside rim at one point Figures 30 and Note the presence of the optional Queen Elisabeth jubilee hallmarks near the date letter.

Note that the reproduction was done using the Britannia standard. Some example has been cast from an earlier one and then re-hallmarked, so bearing two set of hallmarks. In this case, the ground of Georgian hallmarks, having come out in the casting, does have slight pitting and one can usually detect a later casting. However, as the underside was usually left very rough, hallmarks may be badly struck also on genuine items. The previous examples of hallmarks Figures 23 - 26 cannot leave any doubt about the authenticity of the artifacts, but the situation that may occur can be more complex to deal with.

Figure 39 shows an example of hallmarks struck on a genuine XVIII century cast candlestick that, mainly due to the roughness of the base are not well impressed and so difficult to judge by a non-experienced person. Unfortunately is just in this field that one should pay attention because cast candlesticks are among the artifacts most susceptible to forgery. Figure 40 - Base of the "George II era" candlestick - with positions of hallmarks a ; and the details b and c depicting porosity A, B, C , machined surface D, and detailed images of forged hallmarks 3 - London City, and 2 - lion produced by casting instead of striking J.

Evin, Figure 41 - Photographs showing the set of fake hallmarks on the "George III era" candlestick, trying to convince one that the artifact was made by the silversmith Ebenezer Coker E. Note that porosity in the ground of the hallmarks is considerably less than in other parts of the base. London Jacob Bodendick. Figure 4 - Cast candlestick with lobed and gadrooned decoration.

London Andrew Raven. Figure 6 - A Queen Anne octagonal base and shape cast candlestick with diamond facets London and detail of stem and sconce. London John Le Sage. Figure 8 - A George I cast candlestick with cut corned ribbed base. London David Green. Figure 9 - A hexagonal base early George II cast candlestick. Figure 10 - Cast candlestick with lobed base London Gabriel Sleath. Figure 11 - A beautifully ornate cast and chased candlestick London Charles Kandler.

Figure 12 - A more decorated example mainly acanthus leaves with fluted stem and nozzle - London Thomas Gilpin. Figure 13 - Another more decorated example London John Cafe. Figure 14 - An example where the Rococo influence begins to be more evident - London William Mackenzie. Figure 16 - A late and highly ornate example of Rococo cast candlestick - London Alexander Johnson. Figure 21 - A square base cast candlestick with gadrooned decoration London William Cafe. London William Gould. Figure 29 - Lion passant struck on the sconce of a cast candlestick London Gabriel Sleath.

Figure 30 - Grouped hallmarks struck on the internal part of the rim of a cast candlestick London Note that hallmarks are correctly struck like in original model see Figure Giovanni Ciceri - www.

The items such as early silver candlesticks dictate a very high price, for many high quality fakes show 1-Marker, 2-Standard (purity) of the silver, 3-City, 4- Date. A rare pair of tall antique silver candlesticks, the circular bases hand It is extremely unusual to find a completely matching 4 piece desk set of this early date.

An extremely rare early English candlestick from the reign of Charles II. It has a triple pillar column and square stepped base, all with a silver gilt finish. Weight grams, Height

I have what I thought was a pair of silver candlesticks until last clean, the hallmarks are different and the engraving is also slightly different although the size and main style of corinthian column is identical.

The use of candlesticks is documented since the antique Greek period and the Roman Empire. Candlesticks have been produced in all periods but it is just after the restoration of monarchy that in England survived a sufficient number of pieces to allow scholars to describe in details their evolution in style and shape. During Charles II period around candlesticks were generally made of hammered silver.

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Your Guide to Buying Silver Candlesticks and Candelabra

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Dating candlesticks

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Dating candlesticks

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VIENNESE SILVER EMPIRE CANDLESTICKS - PAIR OF DATING 1811

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